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Determinism And Free Will

The study of Physics has depicted that every action and event is the consequence of universal casual laws. It means that every event that has to happen and the person, who performs the particular action is not responsible for doing so. This is the theory of determinism.

The Indeterminism or free will attacks and completely rejects the basic statement of determinism (Hazlitt). It gives the following reasons to reject the theory of determinism: The effects of the casual laws cannot be predicted very accurately and precisely. The basic statement of determinism (the claim that every action has a cause) is compatible with all states of affairs and can not be falsified

The basic argument of determinism does not elucidate The statement of mechanical casualty applies to things but not on to humans. To deal with the behavior of a person one has to use the teleological explanations. Blatchford: According to Hard Determinism, no action is free if it must occur, and for any specific event there are several causes, which ensure the occurrence of that event, and hence no action is free.

If there is a cause the effect must occur, since everything is the effect of some cause everything must occur. Hence nothing is free. Blatchford’s argument was in favor of hard determinism and is based on the view that a person’s heredity and environment control his free will (Blatchford). He said that a particular action of a person could be predicted in advance because the heredity and environment has had a tremendous effect on them. Stace:

According to Stace, the real problem between determinism and free will is caused by semantic dispute. He said that the common understanding of free will is not indeterminism. He said that the correct definition for free act is such acts, which are done without compulsion.

Stace said that, a person is not excused from being punished because knowledge of his character convinced us of how he would act. He said, “that determinism is incompatible with moral responsibility is as much a delusion as that it is incompatible with free will” (Stace p.114). He argued that without causes for a person’s actions, anything done to their unacceptable behavior, either punishment or reward is futile.

Determinism or free will both are important issues of philosophy as it describes who will be held responsible for certain acts and which form of determinism or indeterminism we subscribe to. Schlick says, “no one can prove determinism, but it is certain that we assume its validity in all of our practical life” (Schlick p. 158).

Thus compatibilism provides the best solution to these issues. References Blatchford, Robert. The Delusion of Free Will, Philosophy: The Basic Issues. Hazlitt,

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